The key to finding most fish in the waters of Destin is to either find the schools of bait fish or to find the structure where bait fish and their
predators tend to congregate. During the summer months, schools of bait fish tend to hold in the troughs and outer bar near the beach and
along the bar just outside of the jetties at the Destin East Pass. Offshore, you need to find the structure (either bottom structures such as
artificial or natural reefs or near the surface in the form of tide lines or floating debris. To find this structure, you need to know a little about
the geology of the ocean floor south of Destin.

The sea floor in this part of the Gulf of Mexico consists of the same white sand you see on the beaches. Along the shore, a combination of
wave action and tides has formed some structure in the form of three sand bars that parallel the beach. Between these bars are deeper
water referred to as troughs. From the water's edge you will find a shallow trough, then a sandbar, then a larger trough 100-200 feet wide,
another bar,
another trough and finally - an outer sandbar.

The trough closest to shore is only there at high tide.
In it, you might find a whiting or even pompano at high
tide, plus some schools of small bait fish. It is shallow,
only a few feet at the most, and may be non-existent
at low tide.

The second trough is where you will start to find more
fish- (depending on the time of the year): Pompano,
Redfish, Jacks, Bluefish, Ladyfish, Spanish Mackerel,
and maybe a Cobia in the spring. This  second
trough is 100 to 250 feet wide and from 15 to 25 feet
deep. It ends at the second sandbar about 250 feet
from shore. The water shallows to 10-15 feet on top
of this sand bar, then gradually starts to deepen again
until the third or outer bar which is where the big boys
- sharks, cobia, king mackerel, porpoises (flipper)
patrol the seaward side of this outer bar. Schools of other fish such as pompano, jacks, and bait fish are often seen here too in the summer.

The sea bottom out to about 2 miles from shore is
nothing but white sand, with no natural bottom
structure. It has been referred to as a "desert" of sand
due to its lack of any fish attracting structure. To
attract fish to this area, numerous man-made
structures have been sunk. These include tug boats,
barges, concrete/steel pyramids, concrete rubble from
construction projects, and even US Army M-60 main
battle tanks.

Fish gathering around these artificial reefs include:
Red Snapper, Gag Grouper, Triggerfish, Porgies.
resident Warsaw Groupers inhabit some of the
artificial reefs in this area.

For example, the tug boat "Miss Louise", 13 sunk in
50 feet of water only 0.7 miles off the old Crystal
Beach Pier at the end of Pompano street in Destin.

The Urchin and Sand Flea reef complexes, consisting
of over one hundred 12' high concrete/steel pyramids
lie only a mile south of Henderson Beach state park.
The popular Bridge Rubble from the old Destin
bridge lies in several spots about 1 1/2 miles off of
Holiday Isle.





And, about 2 miles south of the Okaloosa Pier lies
several man made reefs, the Pole Spot, Barrell Barge,
and several US Army M-60 tanks.










All of these man-made structures have created fish habitat for the bottom congregating fish in this otherwise barren area.

Beginning about 2 miles south of the shore line in around 60 feet of water, small outcroppings of limestone rocks and ledges begin to appear,
breaking up the otherwise bare sandy bottom.They are from a few inches to several feet high. Some coral grows on
these rocks but do not reach the size of that found further south in the Florida keys due to the cool temperatures in the winter months here.
These areas of natural rock reefs
consists of only a few rocks or can run into several
square miles of rock outcroppings.  To name a few:
Airplane Rock, White Hill reef, Anniversary Reef, the
South East Rocks, the Eighteens, the TImber Holes,
Grayton Rock, and many others.



Fish found around these reefs include Red Snapper,
Groupers, Triggerfish, Porgies and bait fish.

The Vermillion snapper ( aka Mingos, Beeliners) start
to show up in waters over 100 - 130' deep and larger
amberjacks can be found around vertical structures
such as the tugboat Belize.






The floor of the Gulf of Mexico continues its gradual descent as we head south until we reach about 16 miles due south of Navarre
Beach, or about 23 miles south west of the Destin East Pass. The white sand begins to turn into a darker sand, silt,  mud or rocky bottom.
We start to get more rocky outcroppings but there is still a lot of empty sand.
The depth has reached to about 130' deep and it has been a gentle
decline from the shore.  At this point, the waters have reached to
about 130' in depth. It is at this point where we come to the continental
shelf of this part of the Gulf of Mexico and is referred locally to as
"The Edge". From the point 16 miles south of Navarre, the bottom
begins a steep descent into the depths, going from 130' at 16 miles
to over 400' deep at 24 miles.

The continental shelf in this area is shaped like a broad arrowhead,
with the point just south of Navarre. From this point, it curves back to
the southeast and south west, ie, the Southeast Edge and Southwest
Edge.

The edge and points south is the prime fishing area for Destin. This is
where you will find the big grouper,  amberjack, dolphins, tuna, billfish,
and wahoo.
A school of Ruby "Red Lips" swim
around the sunken tugboat "Miss Louise"
First sand bar
Trough
Second Bar
Trough
12' concrete/steel pyramids go down into the waters about 1 1/2 miles
south of Henderson Beach state park to form part of the Sand Flea reef
complex.        
                                                                            (Okaloosa County photo)
An US Army M-60 main battle tank sits in about 60' of
water
                                                                        
Photo by James Williams
Okaloosa County Pier, just north of the Liberty ship.

To attract fish to the barren sandy areas from the shore out to the edge, artificial reefs have been placed on the sea floor. Years
ago,  fishermen would haul out old car bodies, buses, washing machines,  etc to provide this structure for fish. Now, the placement
of anything on the ocean floor is closely monitored and regulated. As you can imagine, it is no longer simple to do.

The main government agency  that controls what can
be placed on the floor of the Gulf of Mexico for United
States territorial waters is the US Army Corps of
Engineers. The Jacksonville office controls the waters
off the panhandle of Florida
.  

(US Army Corps of Engineers - Jacksonville web site )

Practically speaking, the Pensacola office, located at:
     41 North Jefferson St.
     Suite 111
     Pensacola, FL 32502
has overall field control of permitting the reefs in our
area.

(
Pensacola Corps of Engineers Contact Numbers )

The Pensacola Corps of Engineers has in turn placed
the counties with direct access to the Gulf in charge
of the actual day-to-day administration and permitting
of artificial reefs in our area.

Destin -              Okaloosa County (
Okaloosa County Resources Division web page ) does the actual permitting for artificial
       reefs in the Destin area.

Pensacola -        Escambia County (
Escambia County Marine Resources web page ) does the actual permitting for artificial
        reefs in the Pensacola area.

Panama City -    Bay County (
Bay County Artificial Reef Permitting ) does the actual permitting for artificial reefs in the
        Panama City area.

Each county is provided yearly permits from the Corps of Engineers for designated areas off their coast in which they can allow
artificial reefs to be placed. These areas are called LAARS ( Large Area Artificial Reef Sites).
Okaloosa County photo



You do. Someone can spend thousands of dollars to make and transport an artificial reef to "their spot", but once it sinks to the
floor of the Gulf of Mexico, it becomes public property.  For this reason, gps numbers to privately deployed artificial reefs are
guarded tightly and not freely disclosed. As it should
be, as these private reefs are the livelihood of the
commercial charter fleet and private (aka: monkey)
boats who have invested time and money to deploy
them. It is considered unethical to "run on"
(essentially get next to their boat and mark the spot
on your GPS) somebody else's numbers.  But it
does happen and is not illegal as long as the rules
of the sea are followed. For this reason, most
boats won't anchor over private numbers but will
try to hold over them using engine power and
drift off when they see another boat in the vicinity.



If you happen to pass over a good looking return
on your bottom machine and mark it, that's ok, and
happens everyday. That is how you find new
fishing spots. But don't ruin somebody else's day
by getting next to them on a private spot.



Now, public numbers are a different story. For example, on most weekends in the summer, you may find 10 fishing boats and 4
dive boats anchored over a popular public reef such as the Liberty ship. Just be courteous and follow the rules of the sea. If you
want to join them, please do so without endangering or bothering their anchor. However, you will probably be better off in going to
another spot.

The numbers listed here are in the public domain and have been found from numerous sources. I have added additional
information when known.

If you want to help support the deployment of artificial reefs in the Destin area, contact the Emerald Coast Reef Association, a
non-profit organization of local fishermen and divers. This organization's goal is to add new habitat to the gulf floor in this area. If
you would like additional information or make a contribution, go to their web site:
 Emerald Coast Reef Association web page    
Okaloosa County photo
Photo by James Williams
Photo by REEFMAKER @ http://reefmaker.net/
Photo by REEFMAKER @ http://reefmaker.net/
                                                      A Word about GPS Coordinates . . . . .



Ok, pretty simple stuff for most of you, but if you are not familiar with the latitude/longitude system of finding a place on the earth,
you need to read this.


The symbol for degrees is    
 °  Degrees
For minutes, it is                     '  Minutes
And seconds, it is                   "  Seconds

There are three common formats used to write the degrees, minutes, and seconds of a latitude or longitude location.

      DEGREE, MINUTES, SECONDS                     DDD° MM' SS.S"

      DEGREES AND DECIMAL MINUTES              DDD° MM.MMM'  

      DECIMAL DEGREES                                        DDD.DDDDD°


                                                          
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds

                                                                               DDD° MM' SS.S"

                                                                    30° 22' 14" N 86° 30' 53" W
                                                             
This is the most common format used to mark maps. There are sixty seconds in a minute (60" = 1') and there are sixty minutes in a
degree (60' = 1°).


                                                                           
Decimal Degrees

                                                                               DDD.DDDDD°
                                                                    ex: 30.3707 N  86.5149 W
                                                                         or 30.3707 -86.5140


This is the format you'll find used for Google Maps and other computer mapping systems. The N-S and E-W designators are
omitted sometimes. Positive values of latitude are north of the equator, negative values to the south. Watch the sign on the
longitude, most programs use negative values for west longitude, but a few are opposite.


                                                              
Degrees and Decimal Minutes

                                                                               DDD° MM.MMM'
                                                                       30° 22.243' N 86° 30.896
                                                                        or 30 22.243  86 30.896

This is the format most commonly used when working with GPS and is the format I have used.



There are numerous internet based sites that will convert between the different systems. Here are some links to some of the:

                                                                             
COSPORTS.COM  

                                                                                
BOULTER.COM

                                                                                   FCC.GOV                          
                                                               


                                                                                    
LORAN

Not a latitude/longitude as we commonly know it, but an old system used prior to GPS to locate spots. If you see some numbers
like this:  
13648.1 x 47115.7 , that is LORAN. The LORAN sytem, along with the US government loran transmitter stations, were
shut down by Oct 1, 2010 and can no longer be used even if you have a LORAN receiver.

There is no accurate computer program or other method to convert LORAN to GPS coordinates. This is one reason that when you
try to locate some of the older reefs with the GPS numbers listed, there is nothing there - the GPS numberst were derived from
LORAN numbers and are not that accurate. You will just have to do a search (Also, reef might be covered with sand or moved by
hurricanes).
Trough
Outer Bar
Fishing Destin Guide ©               





A local's guide to fishing around Destin and the Florida Panhandle    
Destin
GPS
numbers
Photo by James WIlliams
Counter
Choctawhatchee Bay
GPS Numbers
State Waters
EAST of the CB Buoy
State Waters
WEST of the CB Buoy
Federal Waters
EAST of the CB Buoy
Federal Waters
WEST of the CB Buoy

Okaloosa County at present has five LAARS in which they can permit artificial reefs. Two are located just east of the East Pass in
State waters. Only the county can put artificial reefs in these two areas. There are three LAARS in federal waters off of Destin. It
is these three areas that private individual's may place artificial reefs with the proper permitting.  The coordinates  and locations of
these LAARS can be found on the Okaloosa County Resources Divison web page above.